Marxist-Leninist Theory

August 7, 2015

These days, even while the bourgeoisie never stop boasting about the “death of communism,” they keep up their relentless anti-communist propaganda to distort and marginalize the views and programs of the genuine communists. Are the bourgeoisie afraid of a corpse?

The capitalists have “commissioned” countless books to refute the theory of Karl Marx and scientific communism.

This hysterical anti-communism of the capitalists is the leading edge of their attack on the working class and its movement for emancipation. At all costs the bourgeoisie want to deprive the workers of consciousness of their own history, consciousness of the causes of their exploitation and oppression, and of their role as the grave diggers of capitalism and the builders of the new socialist society. The bourgeoisie want the workers to resign themselves to the “fate” of being exploited and oppressed. By distorting and attacking communism, the bourgeoisie are saying that social development has come to an end, that history has stopped and that capitalism will last forever.

The anti-communism of the bourgeoisie negates the entire body of scientific social theory. The bourgeoisie want to deny the simplest facts of contemporary society and hide the source of every social, economic and political problem.

More than 150 years ago, Karl Marx, the founder of modern communism, uncovered the law of surplus value, revealing how the capitalist system is based on the exploitation of the workers. Marx not only laid bare the laws of motion of capitalism but showed how the class struggle of the workers necessarily leads to the socialist revolution. Still, the bourgeois ideologists try to deny that the workers are exploited by the capitalist system based on private property in the means of production, deny that our society is divided into antagonistic social classes. But while the ideologists are “refuting” the theories of Marxism, the capitalists themselves have not and will not stop trying to maximize their exploitation of the workers. The bourgeoisie never stop preaching that “America is a free society” in which everyone is guaranteed “equality of opportunity” but they have not and will not give up their ownership and monopoly over our country’s means of production. No, the theories of Karl Marx cannot be erased because they are only the reflection of the objective reality.

So too, bourgeois political theory aims at mystifying the fundamental relationship between the economic base of society and its political superstructure and preventing the rise of the independent political movement of the workers. The bourgeoisie love to portray contemporary U.S. capitalism as the epitome of “democracy” and contrast this with communism which they allege is a “dictatorship.” But in any society, the political system and the state arise precisely in order to enforce the existing property relations. Thus in capitalist society, “democracy” and “equality” are only empty phrases because at its very economic foundation society is divided it into rich and poor, into exploiters and exploited. The working class can only achieve genuine democracy by organizing itself as a class, gaining the political power and creating the new socialist and communist society which eliminate class oppression and guarantee economic and social equality among all human beings.

The capitalist class is a class which lives at the expense of society as a whole; thus bourgeois culture and ideology extol anti-social values all along the line. Today bourgeois ideologists insist that there are no social, collective or human values which must be upheld but only the individualism of the bourgeoisie, an individualism which thrives only at the expense of others. Trying to make the entire world in their own morbid image, the bourgeoisie insist that the very nature of human beings is to exploit other human beings. They push ultra-fascist theories extolling war and racism.

The capitalists smuggle their attacks on the theories of modern communism into the working class movement itself through the labor aristocracy and opportunism. The labor aristocracy follows the famous dictum of Samuel Gompers who insisted that “the movement is everything, the aim is nothing.” This is the line of unbounded opportunism, the line of surrender to spontaneity.

Contemporary Marxist-Leninist theory provides the working class with consciousness of its own aims and empowers it to work out the strategy and tactics of its struggle for emancipation.

By renouncing any independent aim for the working class movement, the labor aristocracy liquidates the organization of the workers as a class-for-themselves and leaves their thinking to be dominated by bourgeois ideology. Without basing itself on its own aims and own theory, the workers movement remains enslaved to forces which operate seemingly beyond the control of human beings; each aimless, individual worker remains at the mercy of the capitalist exploiters and the contradictions of capitalism which keep tearing society apart. The workers remain deprived of the capacity to develop their own movement for emancipation on the basis of a conscious plan and organization.

The labor aristocracy and opportunism are willing to admit that there are certain problems facing the people but they insist that these problems can be resolved without striking at the root cause, without struggle and revolution against capitalism and its state power. Today, in the face of the anti-social agenda of the government, opportunism is working to prevent the workers from seeing the cause of these attacks in the contradictions of world capitalism, trying to hide from the workers the intensity of these contradictions and the disasters which are in the making. The labor aristocracy and opportunism deny that the interests of the capitalists and the workers are antagonistic, deny the laws of the class struggle and the necessity for the workers to come out as an independent class force. In practical political terms, the labor aristocracy and opportunism try to keep the workers’ movement under the political domination of the Democratic Party. To maintain the charade that the Democrats are the “friends of labor,” opportunism continually tries to erase the consciousness of the workers about the deeds and the class character of the Democrats.

In their contempt for theory, the labor aristocracy and opportunism are only expressing their contempt for the workers and trying to degrade the workers’ movement. Like the capitalists themselves, the labor aristocracy and opportunism want to deny 1) that the class struggle of the workers and oppressed people is the motive force of social development; 2) that in the course of their struggle the workers become conscious of the laws of social development and use this consciousness to 3) conquer the political power and carry through the social revolution which overthrows capitalism and builds the new socialist and communist society.

One of the distinguishing human qualities is the capacity to reflect in the brain the interconnections of phenomena and grasp the laws of motion of the objective, spontaneous world. Through theory – through knowing the world – human beings are able to transform the natural and social environment, to humanize it. Becoming conscious is part of living; it is part of the life-activity of the workers and people. The working class, in the course of its struggles against exploitation, becomes conscious of the causes of its oppression and conscious of the conditions it must create to emancipate itself. The Marxist-Leninist theory has been created by the working class precisely to illuminate its struggle.

At the time of the emergence of the modern working class, Karl Marx and Frederich Engels worked out the theory of modern communism. Marx and Engels took part in organizing the workers as a class-for-themselves by building independent working class parties with the goal of conquering the political power so as to build socialism. The theory of Marxism revealed the laws of development of capitalism, the necessity for the proletarian revolution and illuminated the conditions necessary for the complete emancipation of the workers.

In the beginning of the 20th century, as capitalism passed into the stage of monopoly capitalism and imperialism, Lenin further elaborated the theory of Marxism. Leninism revealed that all the contradictions of capitalism had reached the bursting point, showing that imperialism was the eve of the socialist revolution. Lenin and Stalin, at the head of the Bolshevik Party, led the Russian workers in carrying through the Great October Revolution and the construction of the first socialist state.

After World War II, when, under the pressure of the anti-communist crusade of U.S. imperialism, Khrushchev and other modern revisionists betrayed communism, Enver Hoxha, defending the cause of national liberation and socialism, analyzed the emergence of modern revisionism and the bi-polar division of the world. On the basis of the Marxist-Leninist theory, Enver Hoxha pointed the way for the working class to defeat modern revisionism, re-unite its ranks and carry forward the revolution and socialism.

Thus the theory of modern communism always starts from the concrete problems facing the working class and from the aspirations of the workers to create the new socialist and communist society as the condition for the complete emancipation of the workers.

Today, the Workers Party along with the genuine Marxist-Leninist parties throughout the world, carries on continuous investigation of present-day conditions in order to find solutions to contemporary economic, political and social problems and imbue the working class with scientific theory. Contemporary Marxist-Leninist theory provides the working class with consciousness of its own aims and empowers it to work out the strategy and tactics of its struggle for emancipation.